Responsible Disposal


For nearly 40 years, flame retardant chemicals were used in the manufacture of furniture cushion foam throughout California and beyond. This practice was necessitated by the 1975 California flammability standard TB117, which was revised in 2013 to support better fire safety without the need for flame retardant chemicals.

The Problem: What becomes of today’s flame retardant-treated furniture?

Even as sales of new flame retardant-free furniture grow, today’s existing furniture will be a source of continued exposure to flame retardants. Industry sources estimate an average of 3 owners during the lifetime of a typical couch, sometimes with 10-15 years per owner.

Resale of used furniture that contains flame retardants may result in continued exposures, especially for low-income and student communities.


The Safer Sofa Foam Exchange

Furniture without flame retardants is now widely available in the US. If you still love the couch you have, another option is to swap out the foam filling for new filling without flame retardants. Visit the program’s page to learn how.

Science: Researching Responsible Disposal Methods

There are no agreed-upon best practices for the responsible disposal of flexible foam containing flame retardants. We have hosted three workshops (in April and October 2016, and February 2017) with participation from a broad group of stakeholders to identify research and policy priorities that could advance more responsible management of end-of-life foams and plastics mixed with flame retardants. We are working with participants to compile a report that can help inform scientific research, funding, and policy decisions.