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Publications

Institute scientists publish widely-read and highly-cited articles in a variety of industry, governmental, and scientific publications

Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications

Minet, L., Blum, A.Fernández, S.R., Rodgers, K.M., Singla, V., Soehl, A., Diamond, M.L. (2021) High Production, Low Information: We Need To Know More About Polymeric Flame RetardantsEnvironmental Science & Technology, in press.

Kwiatkowski, C. F., Andrews, D. Q., Birnbaum, L. S., Bruton, T. A., DeWitt, J. C., Knappe, D. R., ... & Soehl, A, Blum, A. (2021). Response to “Comment on Scientific Basis for Managing PFAS as a Chemical Class”. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, in press.

Wu, Y., Romanak, K., Bruton, T., Blum, A., & Venier, M. (2020). Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances in paired dust and carpets from childcare centersChemosphere, 251 (126771).

De Silva, A. O., Armitage, J. M., Bruton, T. A., Dassuncao, C., Heiger‐Bernays, W., Hu, X. C., ... & Sun, M. (2020). PFAS exposure pathways for humans and wildlife: A synthesis of current knowledge and key gaps in understandingEnviron. Toxicol. Chem.

Muncke, J., Andersson, AM., Fernández, S.R., Kwiatkowski, C.F., et al. (2020) Impacts of food contact chemicals on human health: a consensus statement. Environ. Health, 19(25).   

Kwiatkowski, C. F., Andrews, D. Q., Birnbaum, L. S., Bruton, T. A., DeWitt, J. C., Knappe, D. R., ... & Soehl, A, Blum, A. (2020). Scientific basis for managing PFAS as a chemical classEnvironmental Science & Technology Letters7(8), 532-543.

Charbonnet, J., Weber, R., & Blum, A., (2020). Flammability standards for furniture, building insulation and electronics: Benefit and riskEmerging Contaminants. 

Blum, A.; Behl, M.; Birnbaum, L. S.; Diamond, M. L.; Phillips, A.; Singla, V.; Sipes, N. S.; Stapleton, H. M; Venier, M. Organophosphate ester flame retardants: Are they a regrettable substitution for polybrominated diphenyl ethers? Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 20196 (11), 638-649.

Haines, S. R.; Adams, R. I.; Boor, B. E.; Bruton, T. A.; Downey, J.; Ferro, A. R.; Gall, E.; Green, B. J.; Hegarty, B.; Horner, E.; et al. Ten questions concerning the implications of carpet on indoor chemistry and microbiology. Build. Environ. 2019, 170, 106589.

Bruton, T. A.; Blum, A. Proposal for coordinated health research in PFAS-contaminated communities in the United StatesEnviron. Health. 201716 (120).

Schaider, L. A.; Balan, S. A.; Blum, A.; Andrews, D. Q.; Strynar, M. J.; Dickinson, M. E.; Lunderberg, D. M.; Lang, J. R.; Peaslee, G. F. Fluorinated compounds in US fast food packaging. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 20174 (3), 105-110.

Hu, X. C.; Andrews, D. Q.; Lindstrom, A. B.; Bruton, T. A.; Schaider, L. A.; Grandjean, P.; Lohmann, R.; Carignan, C. C.; Blum, A.Balan, S. A.; et al. Detection of poly-and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in US drinking water linked to industrial sites, military fire training areas, and wastewater treatment plantsEnviron. Sci. Technol. Lett. 20163 (10), 344-350.

Maley A. M.; Falk K. A.; Hoover, L.; Earlywine, E. B.; Seymour, M. D.; DeYoung, P. A.; Blum, A.; Stapleton, H. M.; Peaslee, G. F. Detection of halogenated flame retardants in polyurethane foam by particle induced X-ray emission. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., B. 2015, 358 (1), 21-25.

Babrauskas, V.; Lucas, D.; Eisenberg, D.; Singla, V.; Dedeo, M.; Blum, A. Flame retardants in building insulation: a case for re-evaluating building codes. Build. Res. Inf. 2012, 40 (6), 738-755.

Stapleton, H. M.; Sharma, S.; Getzinger, G.; Ferguson, P. L.; Gabriel, M.; Webster, T. F.; Blum, A. Novel and high volume use flame retardants in US couches reflective of the 2005 pentaBDE phase out. Environ. Sci. Technol. 201246 (24), 13432–13439.

Babrauskas, V.; Blum, A.; Daley, R.; Birnbaum, L. Flame retardants in furniture foam: Benefits and risks. Fire Safety Science. 2011, 10, 265-278.

Stapleton H. M.; Klosterhaus S.; Keller, A.; Ferguson, P. L.; van Bergen, S.; Cooper, E.; Webster, T. F.; Blum, A. Identification of flame retardants in polyurethane foam collected from baby products. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 45 (12), 5323-5331.

Shaw S. D.; Blum, A.; Weber, R.; Kannan, K.; Rich, D.; Lucas, D.; Koshland, C. P.; Dobraca, D.; Hanson, S.; Birnbaum, L. S. Halogenated flame retardants: Do the fire safety benefits justify the risks? Rev. Environ. Health. 2010, 25 (4), 261-305.

Ahn, K. C.; Gee, S. J.; Tsai, H.-J.; Bennett, D.; Nishioka, M. G.; Blum, A.; Fishman, E.; Hammock, B. D. An immunoassay for monitoring environmental and human exposure to the polybrominated diphenyl ether BDE-47. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43 (20), 7784–7790.

Stapleton, H. M.; Klosterhaus, S.; Eagle, S.; Fuh, J.; Meeker, J. D.; Blum, A.; Webster, T. F. Detection of organophosphate flame retardants in furniture foam and U.S. house dust. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43 (19), 7490–7495.

Blum, A.; Gold, M. D.; Ames, B. N.; Jones, F. R.; Hett, E. A.; Dougherty, R. C.; Horning, E. C.; Dzidic, I.; Carroll, D. I.; Stillwell, R. N.; et al. Children absorb tris-BP flame retardant from sleepwear: urine contains the mutagenic metabolite, 2,3-dibromopropanol. Science. 1978, 201 (4360), 1020-1023.

Gold, M. D.; Blum, A.; Ames, B. N. Another flame retardant, tris-(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)-phosphate, and its expected metabolites are mutagens. Science. 1978, 200 (4343), 785-787.

Blum, A.; Ames, B. N. Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer hazards. Science. 1977, 195 (4273), 17-23.

White Papers and Position Statements

Halden, R. U.; Lindeman, A. E.; Aiello, A. E.; Andrews, D.; Arnold, W. A.; Fair, P.; Fuoco, R. E.; Geer, L. A.; Johnson, P. I.; Blum, A.; et al. The Florence Statement on Triclosan and TriclocarbanEnviron. Health Perspect. 2017125 (6), 064501.

Blum A.Balan S. A.; Scheringer, M.; Trier, X.; Goldenman, G.; Cousins, I. T.; Diamond, M.; Fletcher, T.; Higgins, C.; Lindeman, A. E.; et al. The Madrid Statement on Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs)Environ. Health Perspect. 2015123 (5), A107–A111.

Blum, A. The case against candle resistant TVs. Update to 2008 White Paper. 2014.

DiGangi, J.; Blum, A., Bergman, Å.; de Wit, C.; Lucas, D.; Mortimer, D.; Schecter, A.; Scheringer, M.; Shaw, S.D.; Webster, T.F. San Antonio Statement on Brominated and Chlorinated Flame Retardants. Environ. Health Perspect. 2010, 118 (12), A516-A518.

Blum, A. The case against candle resistant electronics. White Paper. 2008.

Publications from Meetings and Conferences

Blum, A.; Daley, R.E.; Babrauskas, V. Regulatory policy leading to halogenated flame retardants in furniture and baby products: Fire safety and health concerns. Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2011, 73: 2032-2035.

Daley, R. E.Blum, A.; DiGangi, J.; Mortimer, D.; Lucas, D.; Schecter, A.; Scheringer, M.; Shaw, S.; de Wit, C. The San Antonio Statement on Brominated and Chlorinated Flame Retardants: Impacts and potential policy influence. Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2011, 73: 2078-2079.

Blum, A. Flame retardants in furniture: Is there a fire safety benefit? 12th Workshop on Brominated and other Flame Retardants, Boston, USA. 2011.

Shaw, S.D.; Blum, A.; Weber, R.; Kannan, K.; Rich, D.; Lucas, D.; Koshland, C. P.; Dobraca, D.; Hanson, S.; Birnbaum, L. S. Halogenated flame retardants: Do the fire safety benefits justify the risks? Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2010, 73: 2036-2039.

Blum, A.; Shaw, S; Birnbaum, L. PBDEs and their replacements: Does the benefit justify the harm? Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2010, 72: 1296-1301.

Stapleton, H.; Klosterhaus, S.; Blum, A.; Webster, T. Identification of flame retardants in polyurethane foam collected from baby products. 30th International Symposium on Halogenated Persistent Organic Pollutants, San Antonio, United States. 2010.

Daley, R.; Shaw, S.; Birnbaum, L.; Blum, A. It’s all about penta: Informing decision-makers about the properties of penta-BDE and its replacements. Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2010, 72: 1673-1678.

Blum, A. Flame retardants, policy, and public health: past and present. 4th International Conference on the History of Occupational and Environmental Health, San Francisco, United States. 2010.

Klosterhaus, S.; Stapleton, H. M.; La Guardia, M.; Davis, E.; Eagle, S.; Blum, A. Recent studies on the identification an occurrence of PentaBDE replacement chemicals in indoor and outdoor environments. 5th International Symposium on Brominated Flame Retardants, Kyoto, Japan. 2010.

Blum, A.; Birnbaum, L. Halogenated flame retardants in consumer products: Do the fire safety benefits justify the health and environmental risks? 5th International Symposium on Brominated Flame Retardants, Kyoto, Japan. 2010.

Blum, ADo flame retardants save lives? How peer-reviewed science can impact regulatory decision-making. 11th Annual Workshop on Brominated Flame Retardants, Ottawa, Canada. 2009.

Blum, A. Flame retardants, health, and environment: How peer-reviewed science can impact regulatory decision-making. Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2009, 71: 2322-2327.

Stapleton, H.; Klosterhaus, S.; Eagle, S.; Fuh, J.; Meeker, J.; Blum, A.; Watkins, D.; McClean, M.; Webster, T. Identification of tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate and other organophosphate flame retardants in U.S. indoor environments. Organohalogen Compounds (Official journal of the International Dioxin Symposium). 2009, 71:1566-1569.

Op-Eds and Other Publications

Kwiatkowski, C. PFAS ‘forever chemicals’ are widespread and threaten human health – here’s a strategy for protecting the public. The Conversation. Oct. 9, 2020

Bruton, T.; Blum, A. 6 Million Americans are drinking contaminated water linked to cancerThe Hill. Nov. 21, 2017.

Lunderberg, D. PFOS: The hidden danger in our homesChina Dialogue. Aug. 21, 2017.

Blum, A. Tackling toxicsScience. March 11, 2016.

Daley, R. Flame retardant troubles attributable to weak chemical regulations. Public Health Reports. Aug. 2011.

Blum, A. Sitting safely and comfortably in California. Capitol Weekly. May 5, 2011.

Blum, A. Flame retardants are the asbestos of our time. Sacramento Bee. Apr. 28, 2011.

Blum, A. Averting another toxics disaster in China. China Environment Series. Issue 11. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington D.C., United States. 2010

Blum, A.; Fishman, E. Averting a California toxics disaster. California Progress Report. Mar. 13, 2009.

Kirshner, M.; Blum, A. When product safety and the environment appear to collide: The defeat of the candle flame ignition requirement. Conformity. Jan. 2009.

Blum, A. Averting another toxics disaster. China Dialogue. Dec. 17, 2008.

Blum, A. Did the state kill my cat? LA Times. Oct. 17, 2008.

Blum, A. The fire retardant dilemma. Science (commentary). Oct. 12, 2007.

Blum, A. Killer couch chemicals. Huffington Post. Aug. 16, 2007.

Blum, A. Chemical burns. New York Times. Nov. 19, 2006.